Behavioural Study Of Obedience; Milgram (1963)

Saturday, January 16, 2010 JS Hanniffy 0 Comments


Do you still remember my previous posting about obedience that studied by Milgram? This study has spread in the social psychology as one of the most influence factor in changing our belief and behaviour. This is also may refer to Asch’s study about conformity in how a person reacts in a society (see the previous posting: The power of conformity; Social influence). On the other hands both of these studies have amused in the science field.
How do these behaviours effect in a society?
You may never realise that our reaction to something is influence caused by a person or a group. In the Milgram study, he studied how powerful obedience affected a person. Milgram had proved this in his study by taking people into a group who were from different background. The study was about punishment in learning experiment. All but one was confederate with the experimenters. The teachers were as the subject for the experimenters, and the learner was confederate with the experimenters (see the picture below).



The all subjects were instructed by the experimenters to give shock generator each time the learner gave error answer, which was starting from 15-volt up to 450 volt. The shocking would be increased by the teacher if the learner made more error.
As you read this you may think you would definitely not obey to do harm thing such as that, would you? Neither do I. However, Milgram’s study has carried a shock finding in the psychology research. In his study found that most people would willing to do harm thing to other people. The study about obedience had shown how the subjects kept going to give the electricity shock to the learner. Furthermore, only a few of the subjects gave up not to continue the experiment; however, the rest of the subjects refused to do it in 450 volt!
All the subjects weren’t being punished by the experimenters to do it. The instructions were only:
1.      Please continue
2.      I want you to continue
3.      You should continue
4.      You have no choice, you must continue
If this instruction given in Hitler’s life time where people had been punished by a weapon, certainly people would have no choice to obey it; but how did these subjects obey to the experimenters? Particularly they did not know them at all? They could go away and left the lab straight away when they found it such as sadistic experiment. Instead they kept to stay and continued the experiment.
According to Milgram’s study, I consider how our behaviour effecting somebody else’s behaviour and so on. A’s behaviour would influence B’s behaviour, and B’s behaviour would influence C’s behaviour and so on. These whole things surround us seem created by our behaviour.
DBLN, 17.15-150110

0 comments:

Nice saying shows your character but that doesn't mean you can criticize. You can still do both in nice and polite way.

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