The Theory Of Knowledge In Philosophy

Friday, January 08, 2010 Jo Hanniffy 0 Comments

Hey, back again to philosophy! It’s still in the same mission to encourage Aprillin. Beside of this writing, I attempt to remember my old lesson about Philosophy. In addition, I sought to challenge Aprillin’s knowledge about Philosophy’s field. Therefore, although he’s not doing a lot in the ancient philosophy *as I mentioned in previous posting*, I will still look forward to hear from him how’s his thesis going; if he reads this.  
And here we go....
The topic of Philosophy today is about knowledge, and I will cover a theory of knowledge from a well-known ancient Greek philosopher namely Plato. To see how Plato defined knowledge, we first need to know the two of his theories i.e. the divided line and allegory of the cave. These two theories whence later lead us to the significance of his theory about knowledge.  I’ve already given the slight information about these two theories in my previous posting. If you missed it, just click the read link.
Here is the diagram of Plato’s theory to divided line.

In this theory Plato distinguished knowledge from opinion (see the picture above). He described how intelligible world, which means the good, differs to the visible world. The very top of the object in the intelligible world is known as the higher forms; forms can be described as anything such as house, animals; dog, horse, elephant, snake, these are the constitution as the form of animal. Forms provide us with understanding, knowledge and intelligence. As well as mathematics and science, these parts are too important and intelligible to put in the visible world. These parts are required our understanding to solve the problems.
And next is reason, the highest of our thought to knowledge.  Everything that made of has something that can be explained rationally and by reason in terms of forms; what does it made of, where does it come from, and what is for.
In the very top of the object in the visible world is called as object/things that arouse our perception into belief.  And the lowest of this is called as image/shadow that derives from our imagination to the object.
The illustration in theory of divided line had shown us what reality and knowledge is.  This theory that later bring us to the significance of the theory in the allegory of the cave.
When I flash back this theory to our habitat life, I become to question myself: “Are we really live in reality world?”?
And then I start to sing a song of my favourite band ‘The Killers’.......”And I’m on my knee, looking for the answer......Are we human or are we denser?”
DBLN, 16.08-080910


Nice saying shows your character but that doesn't mean you can criticize. You can still do both in nice and polite way.

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