Composition And Division

Thursday, February 18, 2010 JS Hanniffy 4 Comments

Unlike other fallacies that the logical of the sentence is right, which mean there is no mistake in the logic of sentence; however, the sentence of the composition and division appear in a logical mistake. 

What exactly the composition means?

Composition is when the conclusion of an argument depends on the erroneous transference of an attribute from the parts of something onto the whole; all the parts of X have the property Y. Therefore, X has property Y. According to this composition is not fallacy.

Here are some examples of the composition:

“All the parts of this machine are light. Therefore, this machine is light.”

“Each player of this basketball team is an excellent athlete. Therefore, the team as a whole is excellent. “

And this is similar with Division too, which is the conclusion of an argument depends on the erroneous transference of an attribute from whole onto its parts; X has property Y. Therefore, all the parts of X have the property Y.

Examples:

* American Indians have reservations in every state. The Navaho are American Indians. Therefore, the Navaho have reservations in every state ===> Logical mistake.

* Molecules are in constant random motion. The statue of Liberty is composed of molecules, therefore, the statue of Liberty is in constant random motion ====> fallacy composition

There is some statement mix with some type of ambiguity.

*The travel brochure states that walking in O’connel street , the statue of Parnell comes into view. Apparently that statue has no trouble getting around ==> lexical and syntactical.

Next post about argumentation and logic is fallacies of defective induction.

DBLN, 13.58-180210

4 comments:

  1. gua dulu pernah belajar ini waktu matematika, judul babnya LOGIKA. tapi gua ga bisa2 inget, jadi.. pas ulangan gua nyontek ajah ama temen gua :D.. gua suruh dia ngapalin rumus2nya :D

    ReplyDelete
  2. eh komen gua yang tadi udah masuk blomm?

    ReplyDelete
  3. ada yang perlu digabung
    ada yang perlu dipecah
    gtu ya?

    ReplyDelete
  4. hari sabtu gini enaknya blogwalking deh

    ReplyDelete

Nice saying shows your character but that doesn't mean you can criticize. You can still do both in nice and polite way.

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